Posted by : Rani Baru Wiranata Feb 25, 2013


Sejarah Reog Ponorogo 300x230 Sejarah Reog Ponorogo
Sejarah Reog Ponorogo
Maybe for some people do not know or have never seen the show reog ponorogo directly. Indonesia native culture heritage is derived from Ponorogo in East Java.
Reog is one of the cultural arts that originated from East Java and the northwest Ponorogo Reog regarded as the true home town. Ponorogo city gate was decorated by warok and gemblak figure, two figures who have appeared at the time reog performed. Reog is one of the local culture in Indonesia is still very strong with things mystical and powerful mysticism.


History :
There are five versions of the popular story that developed in the community about the origins and Warok Reog, but one of the most famous story is the story of the rebellion Ki Ageng Kutu, a royal servant during Bhre Kertabhumi, last king of Majapahit who ruled in the 15th century . Ki Ageng lice will anger the powerful influence of the Majapahit king's wife who came from China, but it is also the wrath of the king in the government is corrupt, he saw that the power of the Majapahit kingdom will end. He then left the king and established the college where he taught martial arts to young children, science self immunity, and the science of perfection in the hope that these young children will be the seed of the resurrection of the Majapahit kingdom again. Aware that his forces are too small to fight the royal troops Ki Ageng the political message conveyed through the performing arts Lice Reog, which is a "satire" to King Kertabhumi and his kingdom. Reog a way Ki performances Ageng Flea build local resistance using Reog popularity.
In the show Reog displayed mask lion-shaped head, known as "Singa Barong", the king of the jungle, which became a symbol for Kertabhumi, and above it is plugged in peacock feathers to resemble a giant fan that symbolize the strong influence of his Chinese colleagues who manage the over all motion- geriknya. Jatilan, played by a group of dancers gemblak a piggyback ride became a symbol of the power of the Majapahit Empire troops into comparison contrasts with warok force, behind the red clown mask that became the symbol for Ki Ageng Fleas, alone and sustain weight that reached more masks Singabarong of 50 kg using only his teeth. Ki Ageng Fleas Reog popularity eventually led Bhre Kertabhumi take action and attack perguruannya, rebellion by warok quickly overcome, and forbidden to continue teaching college will warok. However, students still continue Ki Ageng ticks quietly. However, Reognya art itself is allowed to be staged because the show has become popular among the people, but the story has a new groove in which the added characters from folklore Kelono Sewandono Ponorogo ie, Goddess Songgolangit, and Sri Genthayu.
Official Version Reog Ponorogo storyline now is the story of King Ponorogo who intend applying for daughter Kediri, Dewi Ragil Yellow, but on the way he was intercepted by King Singabarong of Kediri. Singabarong king's army consisted of peacocks and lions, while the King of the Kingdom of Ponorogo and his Deputy Kelono Single Anom, escorted by warok (men dressed in black in the dance), and warok has deadly black magic. The whole dance is a dance of war between the Kingdom and the Kingdom of Kediri Ponorogo, and pitted black magic between them, the dancers in a "trance" dance performed while.
Until now people Ponorogo only follow what is their heritage as a very rich cultural heritage. In his experience art is copyright Reog human creations that form the flow of the belief that there are hereditary and awake. The ceremony also use terms that are not easy for lay people to fill in the absence of a clear lineage. they embrace Parental lineage and customary law still applies.

Reog Ponorogo performances in 1920. Reog addition, there are also dancers and bujangganong horse shows.
Art Reog staging 
Reog Ponorogo
Modern Reog usually performed in several events such as weddings, circumcisions and National holidays. Art Reog Ponorogo consists of several series of 2 to 3 dances opening. The first dance is usually performed by 6-8 brave men dressed all in black, with faces painted red. The dancers depict the figure of a brave lion. Next is a dance performed by a 6-8 girl ride a horse. In reog Traditionally, dancers are usually played by male dancers who dressed women. This dance is called the dance lesson braid or jathilan, which must be distinguished from other dances that lumping horse dance.
Other opening dance if there is usually a dance by a little boy who brought the funny scenes called Single Ganong or Ganongan.
After the opening dance finished, the new core scenes whose contents depend reog condition in which the art is displayed. When dealing with marriage then love scenes are shown. For the celebration of circumcision or circumcision, is usually a story of warriors,
The scene in the art Reog usually do not follow a neat scenario. Here there is always interaction between the player and the puppeteer (usually the leader of the group) and sometimes with the audience. Sometimes a player who is performing can be replaced by another player if the player fatigue. Which is more important in art staging reog is to give satisfaction to the audience.
The final scene is a lion barong, where the actors wore masks shaped head of a lion with a crown made of peacock feathers. Weight mask can reach 50-60 kg. This heavy mask carried by the dancers with their teeth. The ability to bring this mask than obtained by heavy exercise, also believed diproleh with spiritual practices like fasting and penance.

Figures in the arts Reog

Jathil

Jathilan (front)
Jathil are horsemen, and is one of the leaders in the arts Reog. Jathilan is a dance depicting dexterity horsemen who were practicing on horseback. This dance is performed by dancers where the dancer with one another each pair. Dexterity and skill in battle on horseback or restrain shown by the expression of the dancer.
Jathilan was originally danced by men smooth, flawless-looking or similar to a beautiful woman. The motion is more likely feminine dance. Since the 1980s when the team was about to Reog Ponorogo sent to Jakarta for opening PRJ (Pekan Raya Jakarta), is replaced by jathilan dancer dancers girls with more feminine reason. The characteristics of an impression on the dance Jathilan Reog Ponorogo more prone to subtle, vivacious, flirtatious. This is supported by the pattern of rhythmic dance movements alternating between rhythm mlaku (naive) and rhythm ngracik.

Warok

Warok Ponorogo
"Warok" derived from the word wewarah are people who have a holy determination, providing guidance and unconditional protection. rich people will wewarah. That is, a person becomes warok being able to give instruction or teaching others about the good life. Warok is the one who is perfect in manner of life, and to the inner deposition.
Warok a character / character and community spirit Ponorogo been ingrained since the first handed down by our ancestors to the next generation. Warok is part of the display Reog integral with the others in the unit display Reog Ponorogo. Warok is truly a master of science both physically and spiritually.

Barongan (Dadak Merak)

Barongan (Dadak merak)
Barongan (Dadak Merak) dance is the most dominant tools in Reog Ponorogo. Sections include; Head Tiger (caplokan), made of a wooden frame, bamboo, rattan covered with tiger skin Kingpin. Sudden peacock, the frame is made of bamboo and rattan as a set to portray a peacock feather peacock feathers are developing and bit string beads - beads (prayer beads). Krakap made ​​of black velvet embroidered denganmonte, an accessory and a place to write reog group identity. Sudden peacock, measuring about 2.25 meters long, 2.30 meters in width, and weighs almost 50 pounds.

Klono Sewandono

Prabu Klono Sewandono
Klono Sewandono or king is a king who has a heritage of sacred mandraguna Cemeti mainstays such as the powerful whip Kyai Samandiman Everywhere went the King's handsome and young is always bringing the heirloom. Heirlooms are used to protect himself. Valor of the King in describing the dance lively and authoritative, in a tale of King Klono Sewandono managed to create beautiful art for the results of its copyright power to oblige Princess (her lover). Because the king in a drunken affair then tarinyapun movement sometimes describe a man who is in love.

Bujang Ganong (Ganongan)

Bujang Ganong (Ganongan)
Bujang Ganong (Ganongan) or Patih Anom poet was one of the energetic, hilarious as well as having expertise in martial arts so that every appearance is always in waiting - waiting by the audience, especially children - children. Single Ganong describes the figure of a young duke whose nimble, strong, smart, witty and powerful.





But unfortunately Reog Ponorogo Culture In my village Claimed Negara Malaysia, I was very disappointed with malaysia country. He admits that this is his culture. I was just reminded today. I as the author of this blog Rani ponorogo Wiranata and all citizens will protest because our culture has been claimed. even if the people could be a raging war ponorogo large.

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